Contact Us    
No Matter How Much Things Change, They Stay The Same

Many of the problems classical music faced 100 years ago are the same problems it faces today.

by Drew McManus
March 28, 2005

Bookmark and Share
No Matter How Much Things Change, They Stay The Same
“Those who fail to learn from history are doomed to repeat it”, or so goes the old saying.  As such, in order to divine where classical music is headed it’s wise to examine the past.  Fortunately, there was an active culture of music discussion at the early part of the last century in the form of journals and magazines dedicated to specific interests.
One such outlet for this discussion was a magazine entitled The Etude, a monthly journal for the musician, the music student, and all music lovers.  Theodore Presser began publishing The Etude in 1883 and the magazine continued in print until 1957.  These magazines serve as a written history of thoughts regarding classical music from their respective time, and those thoughts aren’t much different than the ideas and thoughts  discussed today.
A single edition of The Etude from October, 1918 provides a wealth of comparisons:
Musical prejudice and elitism
In an editorial piece by The Etude editor, James Francis Cooke, entitled “Other Folks’ Music” he warns against the consequences of becoming a cultural elitist.
His article recounts a recent installment of the annual “accordion party” held by their neighbor’s servants he and his wife had to “endure”.  Although he apparently objurgates accordion music, he also realizes the necessity to avoid being enticed into feeling the same way about those who enjoy its sound,
“Everybody in the party seemed to have a perfectly delightful time and though apparently deaf to the music it is doubtful if the party could have existed with it.  The point is, that no matter how excruciating the music may seem to us, it is delighting and satisfying those for whom it is intended.”
He goes on to warm against succumbing to the temptations of enforcing your own musical tastes on others,
“The musical world is filled with people who would say what the other fellow’s music should be.  That is what some critics, among others, are paid to do.  We wonder whether it is worth while.  Is it not better to let the music itself do the arguing?
Art seems to be the only phase of human endeavor where the Golden Rule dos not properly apply.  “Art is long, time is short.”  Remember that the world does not normally advance by leaps.  Don’t try to yank the pupil out of the rag-time [sic] that he is enjoying as you would pull up a Jimson weed by the roots.  Gradually play the music that the pupil likes and in that way develop a new appetite.”
It’s too bad the American classical music society didn’t take that advice to heart at the time when orchestras began to consciously favor standard repertoire over the contemporary music being presented in the 1930’s.
Regardless of whether or not you enjoy the discordant tones of 12-tone music is beside the point, the important lesson is learning how to continue to keep an open mind and learn to appreciate the new.  As with all new forms of art or entertainment, you’ll like some and not others.
But the American public lost that ability for learn how to appreciate new forms of orchestral music, and even though the majority of contemporary classical music written by living composers is now quite tonal and much more familiar to standard repertoire than 12-tone, people are conditioned to turn their critical ear away.
In 1918, Mr. Cooke predicted the dangers associated when an overwhelming majority of the cultural consciousness becomes bent on enforcing their views of “good vs. bad”.  As a result, the percentage of Americans now actively involved with live classical music events is around 4%.
High end forgery
Ever since the time when the violin makers from the Golden Era of instrument making crafted their instruments there have been people out there copying them and selling them off as originals.
Even in 1918 it was such a problem that nearly 20% of all questions submitted to The Etude’s “Expert Advice on Violin Problems” column centered on issues of forgery and authentication techniques.  Here are a few of those answers,
“[Dear] T.A.M. - for every violin which was really made by [Stradivarius], there are thousands of imitations, bearing labels which are fac-similes [sic] of the original.”
“[Dear] C.H.B. - Labels in a violin mean nothing, since labels are counterfeited by the million.  It is also impossible to value a violin from a written description”
“[Dear] A.F.S. – for each genuine Stradivarius violin in the world there are probably 100,000 imitations, yet all have similar labels.”
The world of high end string instrument scams is very much alive and well, as demonstrated in the recent Axelrod Instrument collection purchase by the New Jersey Symphony Orchestra.  That organization paid $17 million for a collection where a portion of those instrument’s authenticity have come to light and they now appear to be the victim of one of the most elaborate scams in classical music history.
As a matter of good timing, today’s Soundcheck program on WNYC will examine the world of high end string instruments on today’s program.  The show begins at 2:00 p.m. EST and even if you don’t live in the New York City area you can still listen online at www.wnyc.org or on XM Satellite radio.  If you miss the live show, you’ll be able to listen to an archived version from the WNYC website.
Musical progress threatened by a lack of music education
In an article written by Constantine von Sternberg, the author predicts that the amazing progress made by American orchestras of his day will be threatened unless,
“…we begin at once with the uprooting and destroying of a prejudice…which is not generally recognized; it is still widely spread idea that good music instruction is well enough for girls but not for boys.”
The author goes on to espouse the idea that although there was an increasing amount of opportunities for people to hear good music and be exposed to other quality productions of live art, they were rarely prepared to for it. 
He claims that without previous study, any individual exposed to live performances will be unable to absorb all that the performance has to offer and, as a result, they’ll be less interested in participating with future events.
The author describes a growing condition where people of his time are even proud of their musical ignorance and carry an inherent disapproval for those who do appreciate music.  He identifies them as people who typically proclaim “I know nothing about music, but I know what I like”.
The article continues by promoting ideas associated with universal music education for both sexes in the hope that it will produce individuals and a better society. 
Times haven’t changed as music education continues to be a central theme in discussions about finding solutions for the cure of declining interest in classical music.  Since 1918, music education in America has gone through several “rise and fall” cycles and each time it reinvents itself to meet the newly identified challenges.
As such, its impact on the listening culture among Americans has had arguable results.  Even today, when the push for increased universal music education is stronger than ever in recent memory, there is just as much discussion about whether or not there will be an environment of quality live performances available for that education appreciate.
In 1918 they were concerned about propagating recent advances in classical music’s progress in order to see where the “unlimited possibilities” may lead.  Today, 87 years later, we’re concerned about finding ways for music education to prevent that progress from fading into a memory.

Comments (1)

Post a Comment

Fritz Reuter from Lincolnwood, IL writes:
March 28, 2005
Dear Drew,

I enjoyed very much our session with John Schaefer and also your fine insight into to the violin scandals and their participants. Keep at it and maybe we can bring some light into the darkness of the violin business.

With great appreciation for your fine efforts,


Fritz Reuter

Send Us Your Opinion
(Comments are moderated.)
Your Name:*

Your E-Mail Address:*
(Confidential. Will not be published.)


Note: In order to control automated spam submissions, URLs are no longer permitted in this form.

Please type the letters you see above.


Bookmark and Share

RSS Feed for Neo Classical: RSS Feed for Drew McManus
Sign up to receive an e-mail notice when new articles by this author are published. Your address remains confidential, and you may cancel at any time. A confirmation email will be sent.

Your e-mail address:
po Books
Now Available!

Teachings of a Three Year Old... Turned Tyke,
by Hal Evan Caplan.

A father learns from the wisdom of his toddler.

More Information.

More by Drew McManus
Starting Next Month, Neo Classical Will Have A New Voice
After more than three years, it's time for a sabbatical.
by Drew McManus, 5/7/07
April Is Take A Friend To Orchestra Month - 2007
But can word of mouth programs really make a difference?
by Drew McManus, 4/2/07
Status Still Counts
It Still Takes A World-Class Ensemble To Get The Cultural Consciousness To Sit Up And Take Note.
by Drew McManus, 3/5/07
Rules To Live, Er, Listen By
Some straightforward advice on how to become a courteous listener.
by Drew McManus, 2/5/07
'The King Is Dead. Long Live The King!'
Changes in how classical recordings are created ushers in a new era.
by Drew McManus, 1/8/07
An Interview With Paul Scarbrough, Russell Todd, and Christopher Blair From Akustiks
The art of acoustic science succeeds best with a healthy dose of human input.
by Drew McManus, 12/3/06
But You Knew That Already, Of Course...
It's time for classical music to let go of pretentiousness.
by Drew McManus, 10/2/06
» Complete List (62)

RSS Feed for Neo Classical: RSS Feed for Drew McManus

Recently Published
View Article More Than Gold
Pressing the pause button in order to play
by Greg Asimakoupoulos, 7/30/21
Coming Together in Tokyo
The most important race in the Olympics
by Greg Asimakoupoulos, 7/23/21
Weather by the Book
What the Bible has to say about our climate (and so much more)
by Greg Asimakoupoulos, 7/16/21
When Life Collapses Unexpectedly
Reflecting on the condo collapse in South Florida
by Greg Asimakoupoulos, 7/9/21
America Once Beautiful
New lyrics to a familiar tune
by Greg Asimakoupoulos, 7/2/21
The Unmasked Bandit
Reflecting on a year of being held hostage
by Greg Asimakoupoulos, 6/25/21
A Prodigal Father's Day
The patient, persistent, unconditional love of our Heavenly Father
by Greg Asimakoupoulos, 6/18/21

Get the Partial Observer's
'recently published' headlines via RSS.

RSS Feed for Recently Published PO Articles    What is RSS?
Reproduction of original material from The Partial Observer without written permission is strictly prohibited.
The opinions expressed by site contributors do not necessarily reflect those of the editors.
Copyright ©2000-2021 partialobserver.com. All rights reserved.
Home · Site Map · Top